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Healthcare Improvement Scotland. National Hub for reviewing and learning from the deaths of children and young people. October 2021.
The Scottish Government requested that Healthcare Improvement Scotland and the Care Inspectorate work together to establish a system for reviewing and learning from the circumstances surrounding the deaths of all children and young people in Scotland. Based within the context of a National Hub, the programme aims to:
- ensure that the death of every child in Scotland is subject to a quality review
- improve the experience and engagement with families and carers, and
- channel learning from current review processes across Scotland that could direct action to help reduce preventable deaths.
The new local and national arrangements came into force on 1 October 2021 and will mean that for the first time in Scotland, reviews will be conducted on the deaths of all live born children up to their 18th birthday, or 26th birthday for care leavers who are in receipt of continuing care or aftercare services at the time of their death.
UK Safer Internet Centre. Internet Watch Foundation analysts finding fifteen times more child sexual abuse content online than they were ten years ago. November 2021.
IWF analysts are finding more than fifteen times as much child sexual abuse material on the internet as they were ten years ago, as experts battling a “tidal-wave of criminal material” urge law-makers to make protecting children a priority.
Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry. December newsletter. December 2021.
Scottish Government. National guidance for child protection in Scotland 2021. September 2021.
Independent Office for Police Conduct. Learning the lessons: child sexual abuse. October 2021.
Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry. Case study no. 6: The response of the Scottish Government between August 2002 and December 2014 to Petition PE535, and other key issues raised by adult survivors of childhood abuse experienced in care in Scotland arising after the petition was presented to the Scottish Parliament. October 2021.
Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry. Research report: review of societal attitudes of children. October 2021.
NSPCC. Evaluation of the Speak Out, Stay Safe programme. October 2021.
We Protect Global Alliance. Global threat assessment 2021: working together to end the sexual abuse of children online. October 2021.
NSPCC. Responding to low-level concerns about adults working in education. October 2021.
NSPCC. Young parents: learning from case reviews. October 2021.
Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry. Case study no. 7: Marist Brothers. November 2021.
Centre of Expertise on Child Sexual Abuse. Signs & indicators: a template for identifying and recording concerns of child sexual abuse. November 2021.
NSPCC. Safeguarding children who come from Black, Asian and minoritised ethnic communities. December 2021.
NSPCC. Harmful sexual behavior: learning from case reviews. December 2021.
Adelgais K, Pusic M, Abdoo D, et al. Child Abuse Recognition Training for Prehospital Providers Using Deliberate Practice. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2021;25(6):822-31.
Arthurs OJ, Williams D, Steele A. Safeguarding children: are we getting it right?. Arch Dis Child. 2021.
Bechtel K, Derbyshire M, Gaither JR, et al. Characteristics That Distinguish Abusive From Nonabusive Causes of Sudden Unexpected Infant Deaths. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2021;37(12):e780-3.
Bhatia A, Fabbri C, Cerna-Turoff I, et al. Violence against children during the COVID-19 pandemic. Bull World Health Organ. 2021;99(10):730-8.
Bilson A, Child Protection Investigations in Scotland: A 33 Per Cent Increase in Two Years. Child Abuse Review. 2021; 10 Nov.
Bullinger LR, Marcus S, Reuben K, et al. Evaluating child maltreatment and family violence risk during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Using a telehealth home visiting program as a conduit to families. Infant Mental Health Journal. 2021.
Burke H, Jiang S, Stern TA. Identifying and Reporting Child Sexual Abuse in Health Care Settings. The Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders. 2021;23(6).
Chambers D, Cantrell A, Booth A. Recognition of risk and prevention in safeguarding of children and young people: a mapping review and component analysis of service development interventions aimed at health and social care professionals. BMC Health Serv Res. 2021;21(1):1241.
Craig E. Teaching Safeguarding through Books: A Content Analysis of Child Sexual Abuse Prevention Books. J Child Sex Abuse. 2021;1-19.
Delaplain PT, Grigorian A, Won E, et al. Nonaccidental Trauma Is an Independent Risk Factor for Mortality Among Injured Infants. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2021;37(12):e1065-9.
Eismann EA, Shapiro RA, Makoroff KL, et al. Identifying Predictors of Physical Abuse Evaluation of Injured Infants: Opportunities to Improve Recognition. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2021;37(12):e1503-9.
Feld K, Ricken T, Feld D, et al. Fractures and skin lesions in pediatric abusive head trauma: a forensic multi-center study. Int J Legal Med. 2021.
Flomenbaum MA, Warner RC. Morphologic Markers of Acute and Chronic Stress in Child Abuse. Am J Clin Pathol. 2021.
Fogarty A, Savopoulos P, Seymour M, et al. Providing therapeutic services to women and children who have experienced intimate partner violence during the COVID-19 pandemic: Challenges and learnings. Child Abuse Negl. 2021;105365.
Freisthler B, Price Wolf J, Chadwick C, et al. Daily Stress and Use of Aggressive Discipline by Parents during the COVID-19 Pandemic. J Fam Violence. 2021;1-9.
George CLS, Theesfeld SSN, Wang Q, et al. Identification and Characterization of Oral Injury in Suspected Child Abuse Cases: One Health System's Experience. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2021;37(10):494-7.
Harris JC, Baker SR, Elcock C. Paediatric dentists' role in child protection practice: progress over time?. International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry. 2021.
Harris M, Allardyce S, Findlater D. Child sexual abuse and Covid-19: Side effects of changed societies and positive lessons for prevention. Crim Behav Ment Health. 2021;31(5):289-92.
Jahans-Baynton K, Grealish A. Safeguarding communications between multiagency professionals when working with children and young people: A qualitative study. Journal of Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing. 2021.
Jensen AR, Evans LL, Meert KL, et al. Functional status impairment at six-month follow-up is independently associated with child physical abuse mechanism. Child Abuse Negl. 2021;122:105333.
Karpetis G. Clinical Supervision in Child Protection Practice: A Review of the Literature. Trauma Violence Abuse Rev J. 2021;22(4):689-701.
Katz C, Tsur N, Nicolet R, et al. Children's Responses to Maltreatment: Key Conclusions From a Systematic Literature Review. Trauma Violence Abuse Rev J. 2021;22(5):1155-68.
Katz I, Priolo-Filho S, Katz C, et al. One year into COVID-19: What have we learned about child maltreatment reports and child protective service responses? Child Abuse Negl. 2021;105473.
Kolbe V, Boy D, Buttner A. Mongolian Spots - A challenging clinical sign. Forensic Science International: 2021 Oct. Report No.: 327.
Langevin R, Marshall C, Kingsland E. Intergenerational Cycles of Maltreatment: A Scoping Review of Psychosocial Risk and Protective Factors. Trauma Violence Abuse Rev J. 2021;22(4):672-88.
Lee JJ, Sarangam M, Feldman KW, et al. Riga-Fede Disease: A Case of Sublingual Trauma Not Associated With Abuse. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2021;37(12):e1735-7.
Loiseau M, Cottenet J, Bechraoui-Quantin S, et al. Physical abuse of young children during the COVID-19 pandemic: Alarming increase in the relative frequency of hospitalizations during the lockdown period. Child Abuse Negl. 2021;122:105299.
Loos MHJ, Bakx R, Duijst, Wilma L J M., et al. High prevalence of non-accidental trauma among deceased children presenting at Level I trauma centers in the Netherlands. Forensic Sci Med Pathol. 2021;17(4):621-33.
Maguire-Jack K, Jespersen B, Korbin JE, et al. Rural Child Maltreatment: A Scoping Literature Review. Trauma Violence Abuse Rev J. 2021;22(5):1316-25.
Mandadi AR, Dully K, Brailsford J, et al. A national survey of pediatric emergency medicine physicians on improving education in child maltreatment recognition and reporting child abuse & neglect. Child Abuse Negl. 2021;122:105324.
Marotta G. Child Sexual Abuse by Members of the Catholic Church in Italy and France: A Literature Review of the Last Two Decades. J Child Sex Abuse. 2021;30(8):911-31.
Marques-Feixa L, Moya-Higueras J, Romero S, et al. Risk of Suicidal Behavior in Children and Adolescents Exposed to Maltreatment: The Mediating Role of Borderline Personality Traits and Recent Stressful Life Events. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2021;10(22).
Martin-Champetier A, Caujolle A, Bosdure E, et al. Relevance of Routine Abdominopelvic Ultrasound in Suspected Child Abuse in Children Under 2 years of Age: Review of 15 years of Experience. Child Maltreat. 2021;10775595211054751.
Martinkevich P, Larsen LL, Graesholt-Knudsen T, et al. Physical child abuse demands increased awareness during health and socioeconomic crises like COVID-19. Acta Orthop. 2021;92(6):763-4.
Massiot L, Launay E, Fleury J, et al. Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on child abuse and neglect: A cross-sectional study in a French Child Advocacy Center. Child Abuse Negl. 2021;105443.
McCarroll JE, Fisher JE, Cozza SJ, et al. Child Maltreatment Fatality Review: Purposes, Processes, Outcomes, and Challenges. Trauma Violence Abuse Rev J. 2021;22(5):1032-41.
Milner JD, Hartnett DA, DeFroda SF, et al. Orthopedic manifestations of child abuse. Pediatr Res. 2021.
Narang SK, Sachdev KK, Bertocci K, et al. Overturned abusive head trauma and shaken baby syndrome convictions in the United States: Prevalence, legal basis, and medical evidence. Child Abuse Negl. 2021;122:105380.
Neggia G, Diallo D, Bontemps S, et al. Child abuse and neglect in a pediatric emergency department: epidemiology and outcome. Arch Pediatr. 2021;28(7):504-8.
Proisy M, Vivier P, Morel B, et al. Whole-body MR imaging in suspected physical child abuse: comparison with skeletal survey and bone scintigraphy findings from the PEDIMA prospective multicentre study. Eur Radiol. 2021;31(11):8069-80.
Rapp A, Fall G, Radomsky AC, et al. Child Maltreatment During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Systematic Rapid Review. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2021;68(5):991-1009.
Reid M, Snyder C. Feasibility of Using Child Maltreatment Measurement Instruments in the Primary Care Setting: A Systematic Review. J Pediatr Nurs. 2021;61:e1-e14.
Rengasamy ER, Long SA, Rees SC, et al. Impact of COVID-19 lockdown: Domestic and child abuse in Bridgend. Child Abuse Negl. 2021;105386.
Russell KW, Acker SN, Ignacio RC, et al. Child physical abuse and COVID-19: Trends from nine pediatric trauma centers. J Pediatr Surg. 2021.
Salminen-Tuomaala M, Tiainen J, Paavilainen E. Identification of Child and Youth Maltreatment as Experienced by Prehospital Emergency Care Providers. Issues Ment Health Nurs. 2021;42(11):1064-72.
Shum M, Asnes AG, Leventhal JM, et al. The impact of a child abuse guideline on differences between pediatric and community emergency departments in the evaluation of injuries. Child Abuse Negl. 2021;122:105374.
Stith SM, Topham GL, Spencer C, et al. Using systemic interventions to reduce intimate partner violence or child maltreatment: A systematic review of publications between 2010 and 2019. Journal of Marital & Family Therapy. 2021.
Suresh S, Heineman E, Meyer L, et al. Improved Detection of Child Maltreatment with Routine Screening in a Tertiary Care Pediatric Hospital. J Pediatr. 2021.
Wear KR, Li S. Guideline review: RCPCH perplexing presentations, fabricated or induced illness in children guidance 2021. Archives of Disease in Childhood Education & Practice. 2021.
Weiss R, He CH, Khan S, et al. Ocular Injuries in Pediatric Patients Admitted With Abusive Head Trauma. Pediatr Neurol. 2021;127:11-8.
Whaling KM, Der Sarkissian A, Larez N, et al. Child Maltreatment Prevention Service Cases are Significantly Reduced During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Longitudinal Investigation Into Unintended Consequences of Quarantine. Child Maltreat. 2021;10775595211051318.
Yoon S, Speyer R, Cordier R, et al. A Systematic Review Evaluating Psychometric Properties of Parent or Caregiver Report Instruments on Child Maltreatment: Part 1: Content Validity. Trauma Violence Abuse Rev J. 2021;22(5):1013-31.
Yoon S, Speyer R, Cordier R, et al. A Systematic Review Evaluating Psychometric Properties of Parent or Caregiver Report Instruments on Child Maltreatment: Part 2: Internal Consistency, Reliability, Measurement Error, Structural Validity, Hypothesis Testing, Cross-Cultural Validity, and Criterion Validity. Trauma Violence Abuse Rev J. 2021;22(5):1296-315.
Sources used for this bulletin include:
Archives of Disease in Childhood, International Emergency Nursing, BMJ, British Journal of Community Nursing, British Journal of General Practice, British Journal of Social Work, Child & Family Social Work, Child Abuse & Neglect, Child Abuse Review, Child Welfare, Children & Youth Services Review, Children’s Voice, Clinical Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Community Practitioner, Emergency Medicine Journal, Health & Social Care in the Community, International Journal of Legal Medicine, J Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, J Child Sexual Abuse, J Evidence Based Social Work, J Interpersonal Violence, J Pediatr Health Care, J Primary Prevention, J Social Policy, Journal of Advanced Nursing, Journal of Child Custody Journal of Paediatrics & Child Health, Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, Nursing Times, Social Work Research, Scottish Government website, NSPCC CASPAR current awareness service.