Harrison, R., Manias, E., Heslop, D., Hinchcliff, R., Hay, L. Addressing unwarranted clinical variation: A rapid review of current evidence. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 15 May.
Unwarranted clinical variation (UCV) can be described as variation that can only be explained by differences in health system performance. There is a lack of clarity regarding how to define and identify UCV and, once identified, to determine whether it is sufficiently problematic to warrant action. As such, the implementation of systemic approaches to reducing UCV is challenging. A review of approaches to understand, identify, and address UCV was undertaken to determine how conceptual and theoretical frameworks currently attempt to define UCV, the approaches used to identify UCV, and the evidence of their effectiveness.