Welcome to this Current Awareness Bulletin on Social Media and Health.
Many of the following articles are available online via the NHS Scotland Knowledge Network. Please use the links where provided and your ATHENS login. A complete list of available online journals and registration for ATHENS can be found at http://www.athensregistration.scot.nhs.uk
Critical appraisal is an essential part of evidence-based practice and involves systematically evaluating evidence to establish whether it is valid, accurate and relevant. For introductory resources, visit the Critical Appraisal Tools pathway.
This bulletin contains a selection of material gathered from a search of the evidence base, and is not intended to be comprehensive. Professional judgment should be exercised when appraising the material. The Library takes no responsibility for the wording, content and accuracy of the information supplied, which has been extracted in good faith from reputable sources. NHSGGC is not responsible for the content of external internet sites.
You can comment or follow either this article or this topic by Signing Up, or Signing in and hitting Follow - more instructions on this are available here.
AHMED, O.H., LEE, H., MARCHANT, H. et al, 2017. Navigating the new landscape of apps: Overcoming the challenge of poor quality apps in sport and exercise medicine. British journal of Sports Medicine, Online First: 16 November 2017. Link here
MOGUL, D.B.,MAGY, P.G., BRIDGES, J.F.P. 2017. Building Stronger Online Communities Through the Creation of Facebook-Integrated Health Applications. JAMA Pediatrics, 171(10), 933-934. Link here
ELKARMI, R., HASSONA, Y., TAIMEH, D., SCULLY, C., 2017. YouTube as a source for parents' education on early childhood caries. International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 27(6): 437-443. BACKGROUND: Patients can and do search the Internet for information on various health-related topics. YouTube is one popular website they may consult. AIM: To examine the quality of information offered by YouTube for patients seeking information on early childhood caries (ECC). CONCLUSION: YouTube should not be used as a trusted site for educating patients on ECC. Link here.
GRECH, V., 2017. Fake news and post-truth pronouncements in general and in early human development. Early Human Development, 115, pp. 118-120. Fake news and post-truth pronouncements are increasingly common, and are unfortunately also progressively being applied to the sciences, including the medical sciences. This editorial briefly reviews this unsavoury trend and highlights recent debunking of fake truths in early human development. Science is arguably the last metanarrative with any significant cachet in the postmodern period. We, as scientists, must strive to ensure that our work is transparent and of the highest possible standard so as to continue to uphold science's integrity and probity. Link here
BARTON, C.J. and MEROLLI, M.A., 2017. It is time to replace publish or perish with get visible or vanish: opportunities where digital and social media can reshape knowledge translation. British Journal of Sports Medicine, Online First November 16, 2017. The aim of this analysis is to discuss how journal publishers, researchers and health professionals can use digital innovation (ie, application of new technologies to existing practices and problems) to reshape the KT path in healthcare. Link here
BRAVO, C.A. and HOFFMAN-GOETZ, L., 2017. Social Media and Men's Health: A Content Analysis of Twitter Conversations During the 2013 Movember Campaigns in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom. American Journal of Men's Health, 11(6): 1627-1641. The Movember Foundation raises awareness and funds for men's health issues such as prostate and testicular cancers in conjunction with a moustache contest. The 2013 Movember campaigns in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom shared the same goal of creating conversations about men's health that lead to increased awareness and understanding of the health risks men face. Our objective was to explore Twitter conversations to identify whether the 2013 Movember campaigns sparked global conversations about prostate cancer, testicular cancer, and other men's health issues. Findings from this content analysis of Twitter suggest that the 2013 Movember campaigns in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom sparked few conversations about prostate and testicular cancers that could potentially lead to greater awareness and understanding of important men's health issues. Link here
BIRNBAUM, M.L., GARRETT, C., BAUMEL, A., et al, 2017. Using Digital Media Advertising in Early Psychosis Intervention. Psychiatric Services (Washington, D.C.), 68(11), 1144-1149. OBJECTIVE: Identifying and engaging youth with early-stage psychotic disorders in order to facilitate timely treatment initiation remains a major public health challenge. Although advertisers routinely use the Internet to directly target consumers, limited efforts have focused on applying available technology to proactively encourage help-seeking in the mental health community. This study explores how one might take advantage of Google AdWords in order to reach prospective patients with early psychosis. CONCLUSIONS: Digital ads appear to be a reasonable and cost-effective method to reach individuals who are searching for behavioral health information online. More research is needed to better understand the many complex steps between online search inquiries and making first clinical contact. Link here
Mental Health, Impact
BRAILOVSKAIA, J. and MARGRAF, J., 2017. Facebook Addiction Disorder (FAD) among German students-A longitudinal approach. PloS One, 12(12), e0189719. The present study aimed to investigate Facebook Addiction Disorder (FAD) in a German student sample over a period of one year. While mean FAD level did not increase during the investigation period, a significant increase was shown in the number of participants reaching the critical cutoff score. FAD was significantly positively related to the personality trait narcissism and to negative mental health variables (depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms). Furthermore, FAD fully mediated the significant positive relationship between narcissism and stress symptoms, which demonstrates that narcissistic people can be specifically at risk to develop FAD. Present results give a first overview of FAD in Germany. Practical applications for future studies and limitations of present results are discussed. Link here
KEIPI, T., RASANEN, P., OKSANEN, A., et al. (2018) Exposure to online hate material and subjective well being. A comparative study of American and Finnish youth. Online Information Review 42(1):2-15. The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between subjective well-being (SWB) and exposure to online hate material using samples of Finnish and American youth and young adults. The authors aim to identify socio-demographic determinants of SWB and teh social ties prevalent both online and offline that may be relevant to the discussion of how hate material associates with well being. Link here
JACOB, N., et al, 2017. The influence of online images on self-harm: A qualitative study of young people aged 16-24. Journal of Adolescence, 60, 140-147. To date, research on the role of the Internet in self-harm has focused on young people's interaction via the medium of text, with limited consideration of the effect of images. This qualitative study explores how young people understand and use online images of self-harm. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a community sample of 21 individuals aged 16-24 living in Wales, UK, with a previous history of self-harm. Interviewees reported the role of the Internet in normalising young people's self-harm. Images rather than textual interactions are the primary reason cited for using the Internet for self-harm purposes. Images invoke a physical reaction and inspire behavioural enactment, with Tumblr, which permits the sharing of images by anonymous individuals, being the preferred platform. Viewing online images serves a vital role in many young people's self-harm, as part of ritualistic practice. Online prevention and intervention need to attend to the importance of images. Link here
BARNABLE, A., et al, 2018. Nursing Students' Perceptions of Confidentiality, Accountability, and E-Professionalism in Relation to Facebook. Nurse Educator, 43(1):28-31. This study examined nursing students' perceptions of confidentiality, accountability, and e-professionalism in relation to Facebook. All of the students were aware that posting patients' names and pictures of patients constituted a confidentiality breach. When comparing students based on educational status, there were differing opinions on whether employers should use Facebook profile information for hiring decisions. Nursing programs should provide current education, including clear and up-to-date policies, about social media use. Link here
O'CONNOR, S., 2017. Using social media to engage nurses in health policy development. . Journal of Nursing Management, 25(8): 632639. Sixty-four people took part in the Twitter chat (#CNOScot) and posted 444 tweets. Nurses called for investment in technology, nursing research, education and mental health. Primary care and advanced practice roles to support older adults with complex health and social care needs were also seen as vital to develop further. Link here
ROZENBLUM, R.,GREAVES, F., BATES, DW. 2017. The role of social media around patient experience and engagement. BMJ Quality & Safety, 26(10): 845-848. Link here
FERRER, D.A. and ELLIS, R., 2017. A Review of Physical Activity Interventions Delivered via Facebook. Journal of Physical Activity & Health, 14(10): 823-833. BACKGROUND: The use of social networking sites to deliver behavioral interventions is becoming more prevalent. The purpose of this review was to systematically evaluate the published research to determine the effectiveness of Facebook-delivered interventions for promoting physical activity behavior change. CONCLUSION: Although based on a small sample of studies, Facebook appears to be a promising delivery method for physical activity interventions. Link here
KRITTANAWONG, C., AYDAR, M., KITAI, T. 2017. Pokemon Go: digital health interventions to reduce cardiovascular risk. Cardiology in the Young, 27(8): 1625-1626. Physical activity is associated with a lower risk of coronary heart disease/cardiovascular disease mortality, and current guidelines recommend physical activity for primary prevention in healthy individuals and secondary prevention in patients with coronary heart disease/cardiovascular disease. Over the last decade, playing classic video games has become one of the most popular leisure activities in the world, but is associated with a sedentary lifestyle. In the new era of rapidly evolving augmented reality technology, Pokemon Go, a well-known augmented reality game, may promote physical activity and prevent cardiovascular disease risks - that is, diabetes, obesity, and hypertension. Pokemon Go makes players willing to be physically active for regular and long periods of time. We report on an assessment of regular walking and playing Pokemon Go by performing data mining in Twitter. Link here
NASH, E.L., GILROY, D., SRIKUSALANUKUL, W., et al, 2017. Facebook advertising for participant recruitment into a blood pressure clinical trial. Journal of Hypertension, 35(12): 2527-2531. OBJECTIVES: Recruitment of sufficient sample size into clinical trials is challenging. Conventional advertising methods are expensive and are often ineffective. The effectiveness of Facebook for recruitment into blood pressure clinical trials of middle-to-older-aged people is unknown. This study aimed to assess this by comparing Facebook advertising with conventional recruitment methods from a retrospective analysis within a clinical trial. CONCLUSION: Facebook advertising was successful in helping to increase recruitment of middle-to-older aged participants into a blood pressure clinical trial, although there may be some variability in effect that is dependent on location. Link here
If you would like to suggest improvements for this current awareness bulletin please sign up, sign in and leave a comment.